FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
Your Questions Answered Here 👇
Your Questions Answered Here 👇
NDA stands for Non-Disclosure Agreement. It is a legally binding contract that prohibits one or more parties from disclosing confidential information to others. NDAs are commonly used to protect sensitive information, such as trade secrets, intellectual property, and proprietary information, from being disclosed to unauthorized parties.
NDAs are typically used to protect sensitive information that is shared during the course of business, such as during product development or negotiations. Signing an NDA ensures that all parties involved in the project are aware of the confidential nature of the information being shared and agree to not disclose it to others without permission.
The steps involved in new product design can vary depending on the product and the process being used, but generally include the following:
- Market research and customer needs analysis
- Feasibility study
- Concept development and ideation
- Design specifications and requirements
- Project cost and time estimation
- Engineering and prototyping
- Testing and validation
- Manufacturing and production
- Commercialization and launch
A Design Requirements document (DRD) is a document that outlines the specific requirements and specifications for a product or system that is being developed. It typically includes information such as the product’s purpose, user needs, technical requirements, and performance criteria.
A Design Requirements document is a critical tool in the product development process, as it helps to ensure that the final product meets the needs of the customer and the requirements of the project. It provides a clear and detailed understanding of what the product should do and how it should function, which guides the design and development process.
Product certifications are a process of testing and evaluating a product to ensure that it meets certain standards and regulations. These certifications can include safety standards, environmental standards, and industry-specific standards. Obtaining certifications can be a requirement for selling products in certain markets and can demonstrate the quality and reliability of the product to potential customers.
Commercialization refers to the process of introducing a new product, service or technology to the market and making it available for purchase by the customers. This process includes activities such as product development, testing, manufacturing, marketing, and sales.
Prototyping is the process of creating a preliminary model or sample of a product or system. The prototype is used to test and evaluate the design and to identify and correct any issues before final production.
Prototyping is an important step in the product development process, as it allows for testing and evaluating the design before final production. It also allows for any necessary modifications or changes to be made before committing to full-scale manufacturing. This process can save a lot of time and money by identifying and resolving issues early in the development process.
A pilot run is a small-scale production of a product that is used to test and evaluate the manufacturing process. A pilot run is typically done after the prototype has been developed and before full-scale production begins. It allows for any issues with the manufacturing process to be identified and resolved before committing to a full-scale production run.
You should hire Arshon Technology because of our extensive experience in engineering and design, our fast prototyping facilities, and our mass production factory. Additionally, our team of experienced engineers is well-equipped to handle any project and deliver high-quality results.
Designing a Bluetooth device involves several steps, including:
- Defining the device’s specifications and requirements
- Choosing the appropriate Bluetooth version and profile for the device
- Designing the device’s hardware and software, including the radio and antenna design, power management, and software development
- Testing and debugging the device
- Integrating the device with other devices and systems
Certifying a Bluetooth product involves the following steps:
- Completing the Bluetooth Qualification Process (BQP) and submitting the application and product samples to the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG)
- Passing the Bluetooth SIG’s testing and certification process, which includes testing for compliance with the Bluetooth specification and other relevant standards
- Obtaining a Bluetooth Qualification Mark (BQM) for the product
BQP is the process of testing and certifying a device for compliance with the Bluetooth specification, and for other relevant standards like regulatory requirements. It is a mandatory process for all Bluetooth products, and the Bluetooth Qualification Mark (BQM) is a proof of the device compliance.
Class 1 Bluetooth devices have a higher output power, typically 100mW, and can have a range of up to 100 meters. Class 2 Bluetooth devices have a lower output power, typically 2.5mW, and a range of up to 10 or 30 meters. Class 1 devices are typically used in industrial or commercial settings, while Class 2 devices are typically used in consumer devices like smartphones and headphones.
Electronic Design Automation (EDA) is the use of computer software and tools to design, simulate, and verify electronic systems and devices, such as integrated circuits and printed circuit boards. EDA tools automate many of the tasks associated with the design process, such as schematic capture, layout, and verification, and allow for faster and more efficient design of electronic systems.
Common EDA tools include schematic capture software, such as Altium and Eagle, simulation software, such as LTSpice and PSpice, and layout software, such as Cadence Allegro and Mentor Graphics PADS.
The benefits of using EDA tools include increased efficiency and speed in the design process, improved accuracy and reliability of the final design, and the ability to simulate and verify the performance of the design before it is manufactured.
Schematic capture software is used to create and edit the electronic circuit diagrams, it’s the first step of designing an electronic circuit, it allows capturing the circuit schematic, and creating a netlist that will be used to create the PCB layout. PCB layout software, on the other hand, is used to design the physical layout of the circuit on the printed circuit board (PCB), it’s the second step of the design process, where the circuit is placed on the PCB, routed, and verified for compliance with the manufacturing rules.
Simulation is the process of using software to model the behavior of an electronic design and predict its performance under different conditions. It allows designers to test and evaluate the design before it is manufactured.
LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) is a communication protocol that uses the LoRa (Long Range) modulation technique to provide long-range wireless communication for Internet of Things (IoT) devices. LoRaWAN networks consist of gateways that receive and transmit data from devices, and a network server that manages the communication between the devices and the internet. LoRaWAN devices use the ISM (Industrial, Scientific, Medical) band to communicate with the gateways, and use a star-of-stars topology where gateways act as intermediaries for communication between devices and the network server.
LoRa is a modulation technique that uses a specific spread-spectrum method to transmit data over long distances with low power consumption. LoRaWAN is a communication protocol that uses the LoRa modulation technique to build a network of devices that can communicate with each other and with the internet. LoRa is a technology that is used in LoRaWAN, but LoRaWAN is a complete protocol that includes network architecture, security and communication protocols.
LoRa (Long Range) is a modulation technique that uses a specific spread-spectrum method to transmit data over long distances with low power consumption. It operates in the ISM (Industrial, Scientific, Medical) band and uses a chirp spread spectrum (CSS) modulation that allows for long-range and robust communication. LoRa devices can transmit data over several kilometers in urban areas, and over several tens of kilometers in rural areas.
LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) is a communication protocol that uses the LoRa (Long Range) modulation technique to provide long-range wireless communication for Internet of Things (IoT) devices. LoRaWAN networks consist of gateways that receive and transmit data from devices, and a network server that manages the communication between the devices and the internet. LoRaWAN is an open standard that is designed to be simple, secure, and scalable, making it well-suited for IoT applications such as smart cities, agriculture, and asset tracking.
NFC (Near Field Communication) is a technology that allows for the communication between devices over short distances, typically a few centimeters. It uses radio waves to transmit data and requires that the devices be in close proximity to each other. NFC is commonly used for applications such as contactless payments, data transfer, and device pairing.
The main components of an NFC system include an NFC controller, an NFC antenna, and an NFC tag or card. The NFC controller manages the communication between the devices, the antenna transmits and receives the radio signals, and the tag or card stores the data that is being exchanged.
There are several different types of NFC tags and cards available, including:
- Type 1: These tags are based on the ISO/IEC 14443A standard and are typically used in applications such as public transportation and access control.
- Type 2: These tags are also based on the ISO/IEC 14443A standard, but have a higher storage capacity than Type 1 tags. They are commonly used in applications such as contactless payments and event ticketing.
- Type 3: These tags are based on the ISO/IEC 15693 standard and have a longer read range than Type 1 and Type 2 tags. They are commonly used in applications such as asset tracking and inventory management.
- Type 4: These tags are based on the ISO/IEC 18092 standard and are designed to be used in both contactless payments and public transportation systems.
Designing an NFC antenna involves several steps, including:
- Defining the requirements and specifications of the antenna, including the operating frequency, size, and shape.
- Choosing the appropriate antenna type and materials, such as a coil or patch antenna.
- Optimizing the antenna’s performance using simulation software and testing the antenna for compliance with relevant standards and regulations.
- Integrating the antenna into the final product and testing the final device for performance and compliance.
- It’s important to note that designing an NFC antenna requires a good understanding of RF engineering, antenna design and optimization, as well as compliance with regulations.
A Printed Circuit Board (PCB) is a board made of insulating material (such as fiberglass or plastic) with conductive pathways (such as copper) etched onto its surface. These pathways or traces are used to connect electronic components and make a circuit.
Circuit boards work by using conductive pathways to connect electronic components together and allow them to communicate and function as a circuit. The components are soldered onto the board, and the traces allow for electrical current to flow between them.
Circuit boards are typically made of a combination of materials, including an insulating substrate, (a famous used material is FR4), conductive traces made of copper make the electrical connectivities, and soldering materials (such as tin-lead) connect the components to the PCB.
The cost of a custom PCB can vary depending on many factors such as the complexity of the design, number of layers, the size of the board, final finish and the quantity being ordered. Prices can range from a few dollars for small, simple designs to several hundred dollars for larger, more complex designs.
The process of making a custom PCB involves several steps, including designing the circuit using software, printing the design onto a substrate using a process called photo-lithography, etching the conductive pathways, drilling holes for components, and soldering the components onto the board.
A custom PCB design refers to the process of designing a PCB that is tailored to specific requirements or needs, rather than using a standard, off-the-shelf design. Custom designs may include unique layouts, specialized components, or other features that are not found in standard designs.
Advantages of custom PCB design include the ability to optimize the design for specific requirements, reduced size and weight, increased reliability and durability, and reduced costs.
F.C.C. (Federal Communications Commission) is an independent agency of the United States government that regulates all interstate communications by wire, radio, television, satellite, and cable. The F.C.C. ensures that all electronic devices including PCBs are compliant with electromagnetic interference (EMI) regulations. This is important to ensure that electronic devices do not interfere with other devices and to protect public safety.
Typically for validation of a design, we can prototype sample PCB’s depending on urgency the sample can be produced in one day to seven days. Cost of the process would increase with the speed of production.
The main factors to consider when designing a WiFi network include the coverage area and number of users, the type of devices and applications being used, the physical environment, and security and compliance requirements.
To ensure the security of a WiFi network, it is important to implement robust security measures such as encryption, authentication, and firewalls. Additionally, it is important to regularly update the network’s firmware and software to protect against known vulnerabilities and to use a strong and complex password to prevent unauthorized.
One affordable and easy way to connect your product to the Internet and the cloud is by using WiFi. To do this, you will need to embed a WiFi module inside your product and implement the necessary connectivity protocols on the WiFi chip.
The cost of a WiFi module can vary depending on its specifications, ranging from $1.5 to $10.00. To select the right WiFi module for your application, you should consider the specific needs of your project and match them with the available options in terms of cost and capabilities.
The coverage area and number of users, the type of devices and applications being used, security and compliance requirements, and the physical environment are some of the key factors that should be considered when designing a wireless network
The physical environment, such as walls and other obstructions, can significantly impact the coverage and performance of a wireless network. Factors such as the layout of a building, the materials used in construction, and the presence of other electronic devices can all affect the signal strength and reliability of the network.
Security is a crucial aspect of wireless design, as wireless networks are often more vulnerable to attacks than wired networks. It is important to implement robust security measures, such as encryption and authentication, to protect the network and its users from unauthorized access and attacks.
Some common wireless design standards and protocols include IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi), IEEE 802.15 (Bluetooth), IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX), and Zigbee. These standards and protocols define the technical specifications for wireless communication and are widely used in wireless networks.